Fahmida Hussain was born in 1948 in Hyderabad Sindh, Pakistan. A well-known scholar, university professor, literary critic, editor and translator, she is one of the leading contemporary exponents of the Sindhi literary tradition, and she also writes in Urdu and English. An authority on the Sindhi poet, scholar and mystic Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai (1689–1752), she has published and edited a large number of scholarly articles. Her sixteen published books reflect her wide-ranging scholarly and literary interests, for example: Shah Latif Ji Shairi Mein Aurat Jo Roop (Shah Latif ki Shairi Mein Aurat ka Roop; Image of Woman in the Poetry of Shah Latif) published in Sindhi, Urdu and English (1993, 1996, 2002 respectively); Bar-e-Sagheer Ji Bolian Jo Lisanianti Jaizo, a Sindhi translation of the Linguistic Survey of India, Volume VIII, Part 1, by George Grierson; (2000); Hawa Kaen Kahanyoon, a collection of short stories, 2003; and Duniya Joon Shair Aurtoon, a Sindhi translation of poems by international women poets (2006). Fahmida Hussain has also worked as a newspaper editor, and she has received more than ten awards for her services to literature, education and social welfare, including the Pakistan Academy of Letters Award for the best Sindhi book of 2002 and the Shah Latif Award, 2003. With her separate Masters degrees in English and Sindhi, a post-graduate diploma in Hindi, and a Ph D in Sindhi, she is currently chairperson of the Sindhi Language authority in Hyderabad Sindhi, and former chairperson of the Department of Sindhi at the University of Karachi.