Four decades have passed since the abolition of Spain’s so-called “Social Danger Laws” (ley de peligrosidad social) in 1978.
At the time, under dictator Francisco Franco, homosexuality was considered a threat to the ideal of a “macho” Spanish male and an attack on the morals and integrity of the Spanish people.
Franco’s regime represented a period of severe persecution and oppression of Spain’s LGBT community (as well as of women and of the working class).
After the end of the civil war, many LGBT people were punished by the state simply for being gay.
They were imprisoned and tortured along with tens of thousands of political dissenters, anarchists and leftists.
Franco pursued a social model consisting of a submissive and accommodating woman, a masculine and dominant man (with no feminine traits) and the ever-present Catholic morals, used as a means of repression against gay people.
The “Social Danger Laws”, approved on 4 August 1970, included a list of punishments against gay and transgender people including confinement to asylums and banishment from their home towns.
These laws remained in force after the dictator’s death in 1975, but in 1978 a provision was created for the abolition of some clauses, among them the punishments for homosexuality.
Por una patología, para resolver un conflicto puntual, como una forma de desarrollo personal, para descubrir quién es quién en la historia familiar, por autoconocimiento, con el fin de evolucionar o lograr ciertas metas. Tan infinitas como personas existen pueden llegar a ser las causas que llevan a alguien a consultar a un psicólogo.
“La terapia es un recorrido, implica un proceso de trabajo personal que, entre otras cosas, lleva a que uno pueda asumir responsabilidad por las cosas que le pasan y que pueda tener un conocimiento de sí mismo y un mejor manejo de los recursos y herramientas que cada uno tiene para poder resolver situaciones”. Así lo analizó para Infobae la licenciada en Psicología María Noel Lucano (MN 34260), quien resaltó que “la Argentina es un país con una cultura psicoanalítica muy importante”.
Según la especialista, “la sociedad argentina es una de las más psicoanalizadas de América Latina” y las personas “particularmente eligen el psicoanálisis aunque hay otro tipo de terapias desde ya cada, aunque cada vez están creciendo más”.
Antes había como una visión más sesgada de lo que era la psicoterapia y la gente se animaba menos a consultar
Una encuesta realizada este año por la Universidad Abierta Interamericana (UAI) reveló que entre quienes hacen terapia, 71,4% lo hace semanalmente, mientras que el 28,6% restante concurre de manera quincenal.
An award-winning Dundee writer is on the shortlist to be named as one of Scotland’s most inspiring authors.
Alison Louise (A. L.) Kennedy joins five others in the Saltire First Book competition to find the country’s most inspiring scribe.
The Dundee-born author is one of the 35 who have been named as the Saltire Society Scotland’s First Book Award winners. She won for her 2007 novel Day.
Day tells the story of a Second World War Lancashire bomber tail-gunner, who later goes on to star as an extra in a film about prisoners of war. The novel also won the Costa Book Prize 2007.
Former Dundee High School pupil Kennedy is shortlisted alongside Scots writers Michel Faber, Kate Clanchy, Ali Smith and Louise Welsh.
She has also been drawn alongside Jackie Kay, who succeeded Liz Lochead as Scottish Makar.
A country-wide poll will be taken to decide who will be crowned most inspiring, with an award ceremony due to take place in November.
The competition will mark 30 years of the organisation’s Best First Book prize, which AL Kennedy won in 1991 for her collection of short stories titled Night Geometry And The Garscadden Trains.
A spokesperson for Saltire Society Scotland said: “We are asking you to vote for your most inspiring winner of the Saltire First Book of the Year in its 30 year history.
“This award is in recognition of the writer’s contribution to literature, celebrating their growth as a writer and their inspiration to others.
“The shortlist of six writers from the 35 First Book Award recipients, many who have gone on to become leading figures in the Scottish literary landscape, have been chosen by a panel of experts including, critics, writers, academics who have all worked on the Saltire Literary and Publishing Awards.
“We now need your help to choose the most inspiring Saltire First Book winner, which will be presented at this year’s Saltire Literary Awards, on Friday November 30.”
The deadline for voting in the competition is November 5.
Votes can be cast at www.saltiresociety.org.uk.