Sir Paul Patrick Gordon Bateson, FRS (born 31 March 1938) is an English biologist and science writer. Bateson is emeritus professor of ethology at Cambridge University and president of the Zoological Society of London since 2004.
Bateson’s grandfather’s cousin was the geneticist William Bateson, and his daughter is Melissa Bateson, also a professor of ethology, at Newcastle University. Patrick Bateson received a BA degree in zoology and a PhD degree in animal behaviour from Cambridge University. Previous academic positions include a Harkness Fellowship at Stanford University and ten years as head of the Cambridge sub-department of Animal Behaviour. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1983. Bateson retired as the biological secretary to the Royal Society after five years and Provost of King’s College, Cambridge after fifteen years in 2003. He retired from his Cambridge Chair in 2005. Bateson was knighted in 2003. He received an Honorary ScD degree from the University of St Andrews and an Honorary Fellowship from Queen Mary University of London.
Bateson has written many books and articles on ethology, animal welfare, behavioral development and evolution, and gives public lectures and broadcasts.
Sir Peter Brian Medawar OM CBE FRS (/ˈmɛdəwər/; 28 February 1915 – 2 October 1987) was a British biologist born in Brazil, whose work on graft rejection and the discovery of acquired immune tolerance was fundamental to the practice of tissue and organ transplants. He was awarded the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet. For his works he is regarded as the “father of transplantation”. He is remembered for his wit in real life and popular writings. Famous zoologists such asRichard Dawkins, referred to him as “the wittiest of all scientific writers”, and Stephen Jay Gould, as “the cleverest man I have ever known”.
Medawar was the younger son of a Lebanese father and a British mother, and was naturalised British citizen. He studied at Marlborough College and Magdalen College, Oxford. He was professor of zoology at University of Birmingham and University College London. Until he was partially disabled by a cerebral infarction, he was Director of theNational Institute for Medical Research at Mill Hill.